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Date Updated: August 16, 2018

International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM)

Research

The National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) is committed to sound and valid assessment practices that are supported by research findings, and to contributing to the assessment literature through our own work. NBME staff members frequently collaborate with medical school faculty members and others to evaluate the validity and reliability of assessment products, including the International Foundations of Medicine® (IFOM®) examinations.

If you or a colleague has conducted research on IFOM, please inform us so that we can learn from your findings.

If you are interested in collaborating with NBME on research into IFOM or any of our other assessments, please contact us.

Listed below are just some of the research projects conducted by NBME staff and collaborators and by independent researchers.

  • Using an internationally validated clinical science exam formatively to prepare final-year medical students for the summative exit examination, by M. Wan and J. Rhee. Presented at the ANZAHPE 2018 Conference (Australia & New Zealand Association for Health Professional Educators). Access the slides here.
  • Setting Local Standards on the International Foundations of Medicine® (IFOM®) Clinical Science Examination Based on Purpose and Context, by C. Morrison, R. Subhiyah, B. Anderson, B. Gallagher, and E. Mendoza. Presented at the 2016 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference. Access the slides here.
  • Benchmarking in Australia using the International Foundations of Medicine Clinical Science Examination, by A.T. Ryan, D.A. O’Mara, Z.S. Siddiqui, H.M. Ward, J.D. Fraser. Medical Journal of Australia, 2016. Access this article here.
  • An Investigation of Pacing on the International Foundations of Medicine® (IFOM®) Clinical Science Examination for Examinees Testing in Multiple Languages, by C. Morrison, J. Phebus, B. Anderson, N. Brown-Hunter. Presented at the 2015 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference. Access the slides here.
  • Global benchmarking of medical student learning outcomes? Implementation and pilot results of the International Foundations of Medicine Clinical Sciences Exam at The University of Queensland, Australia, by D. Wilkinson, J. Schafer, D. Hewett, D. Eley, D. Swanson. Medical Teacher, 2014. Access this article here.
  • The Relationship between Performance on the International Foundations of Medicine® (IFOM®) Clinical Science Examination and the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE®) Step 2 Clinical Knowledge Examination for International and US Medical Students and Graduates, by C. Morrison, J. Phebus, B. Anderson, S. Woodward. Presented at the 2014 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference. Access the slides here.
  • Collecting Evidence of Content Validity for the International Foundations of Medicine Examination: An Expert-Based Judgmental Approach, by A. De Champlain, I. Grabovsky, P. Scoles, L. Pannizzo, M. Winward, A. Dermine, B. Himpens. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2011. Access this article here.
  • On the external validity of the Final Examination at the Katholieke Universiteit (K.U.) Leuven Medical School: The International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM) Examination perspective, by I. Grabovsky, A. Dermine, B. Himpens, A. De Champlain, J. Phebus, P. Scoles, L. Pannizzo. Presented at the 2011 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference. Access this paper here.
  • Assessing the relationship between IFOM and Step 2 CK examination scores, by I. Grabovsky, D. Swanson, K. Holtzman, J. Phebus, L. Pannizzo. Presented at the 2010 Association of American Medical Colleges Conference. Contact us for access to the presentation.
  • Dutch/English Translation Effects in the International Foundations of Medicine Examination, by D. Swanson, B. Himpens, A. Dermine, K. Holtzman, I. Grabovsky, J. Phebus, K. Angelucci, L. Pannizzo, M. Jodoin, P. Scoles. Presented at the 2010 Association for Medical Education in Europe Conference. Access a summary of this research on page 34 of the 2010 NBME Annual Report.
  • Portuguese/English Translation Effects in the International Foundations of Medicine Examination, by D. Swanson, B. Himpens, A. Dermine, K. Holtzman, I. Grabovsky, J. Phebus, K. Angelucci, L. Pannizzo, M. Jodoin, P. Scoles. Access a summary of this research on page 34 of the 2010 NBME Annual Report.
  • Gathering evidence of external validity for the Foundations of Medicine examination: A collaboration between the National Board of Medical Examiners and the University of Minho, by M.L. Winward, A.F. De Champlain, I. Grabovsky, P.V. Scoles, D.B. Swanson, K.Z. Holtzman, L. Pannizzo, N. Sousa, M.J. Costa. Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 2009. Access this article here.

 

 

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