General Principles of Foundational Science (50%–55%)

   Gene expression: DNA structure, replication, exchange and epigenetics

   Gene expression: transcription

   Gene expression: translation

   Structure and function of proteins and enzymes

   Energy metabolism

   Biology of cells

   Cell biology of cancer

   General principles of invasion and metastasis

   Cell/tissue structure, regulation, and function

   Human development and genetics

   Genetic mechanism

   Acute inflammatory responses

   Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic processes

Blood & Lymphoreticular System (1%–5%)

Nervous System & Special Senses (5%–10%)

Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue (1%–5%)

Musculoskeletal System (1%–5%)

Cardiovascular System (1%–5%)

Gastrointestinal System (1%–5%)

Renal & Urinary System (1%–5%)

Female Reproductive System & Breast (1%–5%)

Male Reproductive System (1%–5%)

Endocrine System (10%–15%)

Multisystem Processes & Disorders (20%–25%)

   Principles of nutrition Intracellular accumulations

   Abnormal processes: nutrition

   Toxins and environmental extremes

   Enzymatic/metabolic disorders

   Structural protein disorders

   Intracellular/extracellular transport receptors 

Download Sample Items

Back to Subject Exams